How to Write a Non Fiction Book: A Step-by-Step Guide


Share your ideas through a non-fiction bookNon-fiction books are a powerful medium for sharing knowledge, experiences, and insights with the world. Whether you’re a subject matter expert or a passionate individual with a story to tell, this guide will walk you through the essential steps to help you bring your non-fiction book to life.


Find Your Passion and Purpose

Sometimes a prospective client will let me know they want to write a non-fiction book, but they don’t know the topic. Before you embark on the journey of writing, it’s crucial to identify your passion and purpose. That will be what comes through to the reader. What do you want to share with the world, and why is it important? Your book should reflect your genuine enthusiasm for the subject matter you wish to write about. This will shine through in your writing and engage your readers. Start by asking yourself:

  • About what do I have specialized knowledge?
  • Where do my passions lie?
  • What could I write about that others need to know?
  • How could I benefit others with this book?

Answering these questions will help you define your purpose and clarify the focus of your book.

Define Your Target Audience for Your Non-fiction Book

Knowing your target audience is essential when writing a non-fiction book. It helps you tailor your content to meet the needs and interests of your readers. In addition, you will be able to communicate directly with this group of people effectively. To determine your readership, consider the following:

  • Who will benefit the most from your book?
  • What demographic, age group, or profession will be most likely to pick up my book?
  • What specific problems, questions, or challenges will your book address that will help people?

It’s important not to ever write a book for “everyone.” Nothing appeals to everyone. Rather, understand your target audience and guide your writing style, tone, and content to that group.

Do Extensive Research For Your Non-fiction book

Once you have the subject of the book and know your readership, research is the next step. This is the backbone of any non-fiction book. It’s essential to gather accurate and reliable information to support your arguments, ideas, or narratives. Here are some research resources to consider:

  • Books, articles, and research papers related to your topic.
  • Interviews are given by experts and individuals with relevant experiences.
  • Credible online resources and databases.
  • Libraries, museums, or archives.

Compile and organize your research material systematically. Take notes in your own words. This makes it easier to reference during the writing process.

Plan Your Non-fiction Book’s Structure

Organizing your non-fiction book is a crucial step in the writing process. Start by creating a Table of Contents that outlines the structure of your book. When I write my non-fiction outline, I delineate chapters and subheadings. Then I add a little description for each. This helps me maintain a logical flow and makes the book more accessible to readers.

To summarize, here are some basic structural elements in non-fiction books:

  • Introduction: Present the purpose and scope of your book.
  • Forward: When someone else wishes to discuss your book with your readers.
  • Chapters or sections: Divide your content into manageable parts.
  • Subheadings: Use these to break down topics within chapters.
  • Acknowledgments: This is where you thank people who helped you along the way.
  • Bibliography or references: Cite your sources and provide additional reading material.

There are various other possible components, but these are the main ones. Your book’s structure should align with your content and support your overarching message or narrative.

Develop a Writing Schedule

Complete your book by scheduling your time.Consistency is key when writing a non-fiction book. Develop a writing schedule that suits your lifestyle and writing habits. Set aside dedicated time each day or week to make progress on your book. This will help you maintain momentum and stay on track. Here are some tips for creating an effective writing schedule:

  • Determine the best time of day for your writing.
  • Set clear goals for each writing session and see them through.
  • Track your progress and adjust your schedule as needed.
  • Write your first draft with minimal editing.

Tips for Writing Your First Draft

Non-fiction books should communicate complex ideas and information clearly and concisely. Avoid jargon or overly technical language that may alienate your readers. Instead, use simple and direct language to convey your ideas effectively. Here are some suggestions from this friendly ghost:

  • Use active voice to make your writing more engaging.
  • Be mindful of sentence structure and avoid overly long sentences.
  • Explain any technical terms or concepts for readers who may not be familiar with the subject as you use the terms.

Edit Your Non-Fiction Book

Writing is a process, and editing is a crucial part of it. Ideally, you can afford to hire one or two editors to assist you. All professional writers use outside editors. It’s hard to edit your own work, but if you are bound and determined to do so, here is an article that might help you.

If you’d prefer to save money and edit yourself, here is a guide that might help.

In addition, before finalizing your manuscript, it’s highly beneficial to gather feedback from beta readers or experts in your field. They can offer valuable insights, identify areas for improvement, and provide an external perspective on your work. Make revisions based on their feedback, as necessary.

Craft an Engaging Introduction

The introduction of your non-fiction book is your opportunity to capture your reader’s attention and convey the book’s purpose. This is usually the last piece written (even though it comes at the beginning of the book). That’s because you are now completely aware of all the components of your book and know the content well. Consider including the following elements in your introduction:

  • A hook or engaging anecdote to draw readers in.
  • A clear statement of your book’s main topic or thesis.
  • A compelling reason for readers to continue.

Your introduction sets the tone for the entire book, so make it engaging and informative.

Incorporate Visuals and Examples

It’s a good idea to incorporate graphics into your book, to allow the reader to visualize the content. For instance, you might include photos, charts, graphs, etc. When I wrote Chess Is Child’s Play, we used a lot of chess diagrams to show readers how to play mini-games (exercises that parents could use with children that incorporated fewer pieces). We also included many photos and created cute text inserts to break up the text. It’s easier on the eye.

Visuals can help explain complex ideas, provide context, and make the content more engaging. Of course, it’s vital to use visuals that complement your text and enhance the reader’s understanding.

Proofread and Polish Your Non-fiction Book

After you’ve completed your final draft and have run your manuscript through one or two editors, it is always a good idea to give it a final proofread. I use the “Read Aloud” function on Word to catch little things. I also run it through Grammarly. Look for any remaining grammatical errors, typos, or inconsistencies. Pay close attention to punctuation, spelling, and formatting.

Prepare for Publication

Once your manuscript is polished and perfected, it’s time to prepare for publication. Here are the essential steps to get your non-fiction book ready for the world. Note: If you’d like a comprehensive discussion about indie publishing, please check out my article on the subject.

Choose a publishing route: Decide whether you want to pursue traditional publishing or self-publishing. Each option has its pros and cons, so research which one aligns with your goals and preferences.

Create a book proposal (for traditional publishing): If you choose traditional publishing, you’ll need to write a book proposal that includes a synopsis of your book, a summary of your target audience, a marketing plan, and sample chapters.

Design your book cover: The book cover is the first thing potential readers see, so invest in a professional design that reflects the content and appeals to your target audience. You can find some good designers on Fiverr.

Format your manuscript: Your book must be properly formatted for printing or e-book publication. Consider hiring a professional interior designer if you’re not experienced in this area.

Set a budget and marketing plan (for self-publishing): If you decide to self-publish, create a budget for cover design, formatting, and marketing. Develop a marketing plan that includes strategies for promoting your book, such as social media, author website, book signings, and online advertising.

Once you’ve completed all the necessary preparations, it’s time to publish your non-fiction book. This can be done through traditional publishing houses, self-publishing platforms, or both, depending on your chosen approach. Ensure that your book meets the required publishing standards and is available in various formats (e.g., print, e-book, audiobook) to reach a broader audience.

Market and Promote Your Book

No matter how you choose to publish your non-fiction book, marketing, and promotion are essential to its success. Here are some key strategies to consider:

  • Create an author website with a blog to connect with your audience and provide updates on your book.
  • Utilize social media platforms to engage with readers and share information about your book.
  • Seek reviews and endorsements from influencers or experts in your field.
  • Participate in book signings, speaking engagements, and interviews to increase your book’s visibility.
  • Explore online advertising and promotional opportunities to reach a wider audience.

Engaging with your readers is crucial for building a loyal fan base and generating word-of-mouth promotion. Respond to reader reviews and comments, participate in discussions related to your book’s subject matter, and maintain an active online presence. By connecting with your audience, you can build a community around your book.


Writing a book is a challenging but incredibly rewarding endeavor. It allows you to share your knowledge with the world and connect with readers who share your passion and interests. Remember, the journey of writing a non-fiction book is as valuable as the finished product. I think you’ll find it can lead to personal growth and an increased expertise in your subject matter. So, don’t hesitate—start writing your non-fiction book today and contribute to the world’s body of knowledge.


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